geology

   The study of the planet Earth—the materials of which it is made, the processes that act on these materials, the products formed, and the history of the planet and its life forms since its origin. Geology considers the physical forces that act on the Earth, the chemistry of its constituent materials, and the biology of its past inhabitants as revealed by fossils. Clues on the origin of the planet are sought in a study of the Moon and other extraterrestrial bodies. The knowledge thus obtained is placed in the service of man—to aid in discovery of minerals and fuels of value in the Earth’s crust, to identify geologically stable sites for major structures, and to provide foreknowledge of some of the dangers associated with the mobile forces of a dynamic Earth [1].

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geology — Ge*ol o*gy, n.; pl. {Geologies}. [Gr. ge a, gh^, the earth + logy: cf. F. g[ e]ologie.] [1913 Webster] 1. The science which treats: (a) Of the structure and mineral constitution of the globe; structural geology. (b) Of its history as regards… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Geology — (ISSN 0091 7613) es una revista científica de la Geological Society of America que se empezó a publicar en 1973. La GSA afirma que es la publicación científica más leída en el campo de las ciencias de la Tierra. Es una publicación mensual,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • geology — [jē äl′ə jē] n. pl. geologies [ML geologia: see GEO & LOGY] 1. the science dealing with the physical nature and history of the earth, including the structure and development of its crust, the composition of its interior, individual rock types,… …   English World dictionary

  • geology — 1735, Mod.L. geologia the study of the earth, from GEO (Cf. geo ) earth + logia (see LOGY (Cf. logy)). In Medieval Latin, geologia (14c.) meant study of earthly things, i.e. law, as distinguished from arts and sciences, which concern the works of …   Etymology dictionary

  • geology — ► NOUN 1) the science which deals with the physical structure and substance of the earth. 2) the geological features of a district. DERIVATIVES geologic adjective geological adjective geologically adverb geologist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Geology — Oceanic crustContinental Crust] Geology (from Greek: γη, gê , earth ; and λόγος, logos , speech lit. to talk about the earth) is the science and study of the solid and liquid matter that constitute the Earth. The field of geology encompasses the… …   Wikipedia

  • geology — /jee ol euh jee/, n., pl. geologies. 1. the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is… …   Universalium

  • geology — Synonyms and related words: cosmical geology, crystallography, dynamic geology, geodesy, geodetics, geodynamics, geognosy, geographics, geography, geological chemistry, geological engineering, geomorphogeny, geomorphology, geophysics, geoscopy,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • geology — (Roget s IV) n. Divisions of geology include: dynamic geology, structural geology, volcanology, tectonics, seismology, selenology, applied geology, mineralogy, mining geology, historical geology, paleontology, physiography, petrology, oil geology …   English dictionary for students

  • geology — [[t]ʤiɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Geology is the study of the Earth s structure, surface, and origins. He was visiting professor of geology at the University of Jordan. Derived words: geologist plural N COUNT Geologists have studied the way that… …   English dictionary

  • geology — ge•ol•o•gy [[t]dʒiˈɒl ə dʒi[/t]] n. pl. gies 1) gel the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or… …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.